Fructose, Semen testing is used to investigate male infertility, especially in patients with azoospermia and hypospermia (low sperm volume) as well as to evaluate seminal vesicles function.
Poor semen quality can be the result of either the production of abnormal spermatozoa from the testes, or damage to the spermatozoa as they travel through the testes, the epididymis, or abnormal secretions from the accessory glands of the genital system. Accessory gland secretions can be measured to assess the function of these glands, e.g. citric acid, zinc, and acid phosphatase for the prostate, fructose, and prostaglandins for the seminal vesicles, L-Carnitine and neutral alpha-glucosidase for the epididymis.
Urogenital tract infections can sometimes cause a decrease in the secretion of these markers, but the total measured value may remain within the normal range. An infection can also cause irreversible damage to the secretory epithelium so that even after treatment, the secretory capacity remains low.
The measurement of fructose in the semen reflects the secretory function of the seminal vesicles. Fructose is produced by the seminal vesicles under the influence of testosterone and its role is to provide energy to the sperm both for their metabolism and for their movement.
A semen sample that does not have spermatozoa (azoospermia) and is also fructose negative may indicate the absence of seminal vesicles or absence of ejaculatory duct in the area of the seminal vesicles or the presence of an obstruction at the level of the seminal vesicles.
The results of laboratory tests are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. The correct interpretation of laboratory results allows the doctor to distinguish "health" from "disease".
The results of laboratory tests should not be interpreted as the numerical result of an individual analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to individual and family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your GP can explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer your every question regarding the examinations you do in our laboratory and we contact your doctor in order to have the best possible medical care.