Enterococcus faecalis - also known as Group D Streptococcus or Enterococcus - is a Gram-positive, non-motile microbe that is normally found in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and other mammals. Like other species of the genus Enterococcus, E. faecalis can cause life-threatening infections in humans, especially in the hospital environment, where high levels of antibiotic resistance contribute to its pathogenicity. E. faecalis is most commonly found in root canal treated teeth ranging from 30 to 90%.
Enterococcus faecalis can cause endocarditis and septicemia, urinary tract infections, meningitis and various other human infections. E. faecalis is usually resistant to many commonly used antimicrobial agents (aminoglycosides, aztreonam, cephalosporins, clindamycin, semisynthetic penicillins and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole). Vancomycin resistance of E. faecalis is becoming more common. Treatment options for vancomycin-resistant Enterococci include nitrofurantoin (in uncomplicated urinary tract infections), linezolid, daptomycin and ampicillin, if microbes are susceptible.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.