Enterococcus casseliflavus is a Gram positive, mobile, catalase negative microbe (originally called Streptococcus faecium var casseliflavus). Its genome is a linear DNA chromosome consisting of 3.283 genes encoding proteins. This opportunistic pathogen can cause urinary tract infections, bacteremia and infectious endocarditis.
Enterococcus casseliflavus can normally be found in the gastrointestinal tract, but after colonization it can cause infections, especially after hospitalization. Transmission is by direct contact with infected faeces, blood or urine or by indirect contact. The mechanisms through which Enterococcus casseliflavus causes disease are not yet well known, but it is believed that haemolysin or bacteriocin proteins, whose genes are in a plasmid, may be pathogenic agents that induce pathogenesis by erythrocyte lysis.
Enterococcus casseliflavus has intrinsic vancomycin resistance and acquired resistance to several other antibiotics.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.