Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae and is a common sexually transmitted infection. The germ causes urogenital infections in women and men and can be associated with diarrhea and increased secretions of the vagina, urethra and rectum. Possible complications of gonorrhea include pelvic inflammatory disease in women and gonococcal epididymitis and prostatitis in men. Bacteremia, pharyngitis and arthritis may also occur. Infection in men is usually accompanied by the typical symptoms of the disease, while in women the infection is often asymptomatic.
Formerly, typical culture of the micro-organism was sufficient to diagnose Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection. However, organisms are very sensitive in vitro and therefore very specific and stringent conditions for the collection, transport and processing of specimens are needed to maintain the viability of the organism, which is essential for successful cultivation. Molecular control provides greater sensitivity and specificity than culture and is now the recommended method of diagnosis in most cases.
Early identification of the infection allows patients to begin treatment as soon as possible, thereby reducing the risk of spreading the disease and the risk of complications.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.