Microbiological control of the nasal swab is used to check for the presence of Staphylococcus aureus.
Colonization of the nasal cavities with Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus) increases the risk of staphylococcal infections elsewhere in the body, such as surgical incisions and dialysis sites. It is also associated with recurrent skin infections and hospital infections in nurseries and hospitals. Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing dialysis as most carry the microorganism in their nasal cavities.
Elimination of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus may be beneficial in some clinical situations. In addition to topical therapy, systemic therapy may also be used to control nasal colonization of patients when they also have an infection elsewhere at the same time. Topical antibacterial agents, such as chlorhexidine / neomycin, are preferred when the patient is designated as a carrier only.
Nasal smear control can be used for the presence of group A streptococci (Lancefield) as well as for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA.
Rhinostroma, a disease caused by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis infection, is a rare form of chronic granulomatous nasal infection that affects the nasal passages and sinuses and can also include the pharynx and larynx. The disease is progressive and manifests itself with local inflammation and enlargement that resembles a tumor. Although it is quite common in Eastern Europe, Central Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia, rhinosinusitis seems to be only slightly contagious.
Ozone is a chronic atrophic rhinitis. The condition can damage the mucosa and is characterized by a chronic and often violent, smelly, runny nose. Klebsiella ozaenae may have a causal role.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.