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Endometriosis Tests

Endometriosis is a medical condition that affects the tissue lining the uterus, the endometrium. In endometriosis, this tissue grows outside the uterus, typically on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis. In rare cases, it can also spread beyond the pelvic region.

The exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown, but there are several theories, including retrograde menstruation (when menstrual blood flows back into the pelvic cavity), immune system disorders, hormonal imbalances, and genetic factors. It predominantly affects women of reproductive age, typically appearing between the ages of 25 and 35.

Symptoms of endometriosis can vary widely and may include:

  • Pelvic pain: Chronic pelvic pain, often associated with menstruation, is the most common symptom. The pain may be severe and debilitating.
  • Painful periods: Women with endometriosis often experience intense menstrual cramps that may worsen over time.
  • Painful intercourse: Pain during or after sexual intercourse, known as dyspareunia, is another common symptom.
  • Heavy or irregular periods: Endometriosis can cause heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding.
  • Infertility: Some women with endometriosis may face difficulties in conceiving.

Diagnosis of endometriosis typically involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examination, and imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI. The only definitive way to diagnose endometriosis is through laparoscopy, a minimally invasive surgical procedure.

Typical laboratory tests to evaluate endometriosis include CBC and CA125.

Functional medicine approaches endometriosis by considering the underlying imbalances in the body that may contribute to the condition. Functional medicine tests can help identify potential contributing factors and guide personalized treatment strategies.

Endometriosis functional medicine laboratory tests

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