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Samarium (Sm)

Samarium is a silver-white metal belonging to the lanthanides group. It is relatively stable at room temperature.

Samarium is a catalyst in some organic reactions, and various Samarium compounds are used to manufacture special glasses, electrodes, and permanent magnetic materials.

It is never found in nature, but it is contained in many minerals.

Impact of Samarium on human health

Samarium has no known biological role but has been found to stimulate metabolism. Its soluble salts are slightly toxic to ingestion and can cause skin and eye irritation.

The total amount of samarium in the adult body is about 50 µg, primarily found in the liver and kidneys. Samarium is not absorbed by plants in measurable concentrations and is, therefore, not typically part of the human diet. However, some plants and vegetables may contain up to 1 part per million (1 ppm) of Samarium. Only about 0.05% of the samarium salts are ingested into the bloodstream, and the remainder is excreted. Of the blood, about 45% goes to the liver, 45% is deposited on the bone surface, where it remains for about ten years, and the remaining 10% is excreted.

Samarium does not appear to pose a threat to plants or animals.

How can one determine if one has been exposed to Samarium?

We can measure samarium levels in blood and most biological materials.

Determination of metals is done by ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry, Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma Mass Spectrometry), a method that enables the simultaneous detection of many metals. Its sensitivity and accuracy are significantly better than conventional atomic absorption, with the ability to measure metals at concentrations up to 1 in 1015 (1 in 1 quadrillion, ppq)!



Important Note

Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for diagnosing and monitoring all pathological conditions. Between 70% and 80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased."

Laboratory test results should not be interpreted solely based on the numerical result of a single analysis. They should be interpreted in relation to each individual case, family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your physician should explain the importance of your test results.

At Diagnostiki Athinon, we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and contact your doctor to ensure you receive the best possible medical care.

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