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  • Autoimmune Diseases

    Goodpasture Syndrome

    Goodpasture syndrome, or anti-GBM disease, is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by antibodies that attack the basement membrane of the glomeruli in the kidneys and the alveoli in the lungs. This autoimmune attack results in nephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage, leading to...

  • Pathologic Conditions

    Acute Pancreatitis

    Acute pancreatitis is a sudden inflammatory condition of the pancreas that can cause severe abdominal pain and other complications. The inflammation can range from mild and self-limiting to severe and life-threatening, with pancreatic necrosis and systemic complications. ...

  • Pathologic Conditions

    Acute Kidney Injury

    Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is when the kidneys suddenly lose their ability to filter waste products from the blood. This impairment leads to the accumulation of toxins in the body and disturbances in fluid and electrolyte balance, which can have profound health implications for...

  • Cardiology

    Acute Coronary Syndrome

    Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) encompasses conditions associated with sudden, reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. It usually includes myocardial infarction (heart attack) and unstable angina. ACS is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention to limit damage to the...

  • Pathologic Conditions


    Acromegaly is a chronic and progressive endocrine disorder characterized by excessive growth hormone (GH) production and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). This overproduction usually results from a benign pituitary adenoma, although there are rarer causes, such as ectopic...

  • Infections

    Insect Borne-Diseases

    Insects can transmit diseases to humans through bites, stings, or contamination. Some of the most well-known diseases transmitted by insects include: Dengue Fever Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral illness transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, mainly Aedes aegypti and,...

  • Gut Health / Gastrointestinal

    SIBO: A guide of Testing and Treatment

    SIBO, or Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth, is a condition with an abnormal increase in bacteria in the small intestine. Testing of SIBO mainly involves a Breath Test. This is the most common method used to diagnose SIBO. It involves drinking a solution containing sugar...

  • Thyroid

    Hypothyroidism: Symptoms, Causes, Laboratory Tests, Treatment

    Hypothyroidism is a condition characterized by an underactive thyroid gland that fails to produce sufficient thyroid hormones to meet the body's needs. Due to the critical role of thyroid hormones in regulating metabolism, this can lead to various health issues. Epidemiology of...