Serum normally does not contain free hemoglobin, that is, it does not contain hemoglobin that is not found in the red blood cells. Significant amounts of free hemoglobin occur in plasma after hemolysis for any reason. Hemolysis may be due to incompatible transfusion or mechanical fragmentation of the red blood cells due to surgery or the presence of mechanical valves or other medical devices.
What Do Pathological Values Mean?
- Increase: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, burns, presence of cryoglobulins, disseminated intravascular coagulation, malaria, intravascular hemolysis, leptospirosis, lupus erythematosus, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinemia, sepsis, sickle cell anemia, thrombosis, transfusion reaction, traumatic hemolysis. Medications: analgesics, anthelmintics, alkaloids, nitrofurantoin, sulfonamides, sulfones.
Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for the diagnosis and monitoring of all pathological conditions. 70%-80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. The correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased".
Laboratory test results should not be interpreted from the numerical result of a single analysis. Test results should be interpreted in relation to each individual case and family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your personal physician should explain the importance of your test results.
At Diagnostiki Athinon we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and we contact your doctor to get the best possible medical care.