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Lead (Pb)

Lead poisoning is a preventable condition caused by environmental exposure to lead. As indicated by elevated blood levels, exposure to lead can permanently damage almost all body parts. However, its effects are more pronounced in the central nervous system and kidneys, causing symptoms ranging from mild learning difficulties and behavioral problems to encephalopathy. Children under 6 are more likely to be exposed to and affected by lead.

Blood lead levels are the best test for detecting and evaluating acute and chronic exposure. Blood tests provide information on exposure and on monitoring the effectiveness of treatment. Lead can also be measured in urine, saliva, nails, or hair.

How can one determine if one has been exposed to lead?

We can measure levels of lead in blood and most biological materials.

Determination of metals is done by ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry), a method that enables the simultaneous detection of many metals. Its sensitivity and accuracy are significantly better than conventional atomic absorption, with the ability to measure metals at concentrations up to 1 in 1015 (1 in 1 quadrillion, ppq)!



Important Note

Laboratory test results are the most important parameter for diagnosing and monitoring all pathological conditions. Between 70% and 80% of diagnostic decisions are based on laboratory tests. Correct interpretation of laboratory results allows a doctor to distinguish "healthy" from "diseased."

Laboratory test results should not be interpreted solely based on the numerical result of a single analysis. They should be interpreted in relation to each individual case, family history, clinical findings, and the results of other laboratory tests and information. Your physician should explain the importance of your test results.

At Diagnostiki Athinon, we answer any questions you may have about the test you perform in our laboratory and contact your doctor to ensure you receive the best possible medical care.

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